Andrew Jackson Smith – Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient

African American And A Son Of Kentucky
by U.R. Wright

According to family history, Smith was born into slavery, the son of Susan, a slave, and Elijah Smith, a slave owner. Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, Elijah Smith joined the Confederate military, with the intention of taking 19-year-old Andrew along with him. When Andrew Smith learned of this, he and another slave ran away, walking 25 miles through the rain before presenting themselves to a Union Army regiment, the 41st Illinois Infantry, in Smithland, Kentucky. Smithland is a city in Livingston County, Kentucky, at the confluence of the Ohio and Cumberland Rivers. The population was 401 at the 2000 census and 301 in the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Livingston County.

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