Civil War Diary of SGT. Winchester Byron Ruby
CIVIL WAR DIARY OF SGT. WINCHESTER BYRON RUDY
& The Life of Winchester Byron Rudy
October 17, 1861 - June 18, 1864
SIXTEENTH KENTUCKY INFANTRY
from "Union Regiments of Kentucky"
(Under the 13th Army Corps)
submitted by Gary Griffin
From October 17, 1861 until June 17, 1864, Sgt. Rudy maintained a daily diary, which is now in the possession of his great grandson, Harry T. Voige, 5150 Durham Rd. W. Columbia, Maryland 21044. It traces his travels from Maysville through eastern and central Kentucky, to eastern Tennessee, and thence to northern Georgia. What follows is a paraphrased monthly summary of places, personalities, and events as recorded in that diary. Winchester Byron Rudy was born on March 27, 1840, in Maysville, Kentucky, which is in Mason County. He enlisted in Company "C" of the 16th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry on August 10, 1861, and served in the army until January 27, 1865. The 16th Kentucky was mustered into U.S. (Union) service on January 27, 1862. In January 1864, he was reassigned to the 13th Kentucky, 23rd Army Corps for which he served in a Division headquarters' position until his discharge. On January 8, 1880, he applied for a pension.
Prologue: Memory has graven on the granite columns of time the incontrovertible maxim, "Union is strength."
Rudy’s regiment departs Camp Kenton, Mason County, Kentucky and marches through the Kentucky communities of Washington, Mayslick, Fairview (Fleming county), Blue Lick Springs, Carlisle (Nicholas county), Sharpsburg (Bath county), Tic Town (Montgomery county), Hazel Green (Wolfe county), Camden, and Saltersville (Magoffin county).
They receive a warm welcome by the citizens of Carlisle who cheer and give them food.
They march from 11 to 23 miles per day.
Some prisoners and horses are taken during scouting forays around Camden and Hazel Green.
1861 (2 November)
The regiment marches to Paintsville (Johnson County), Prestonsburg and Piketon (Pikeville?).
They skirmish with the enemy around Prestonsburg and kill two.
They travel part way with the "14th" KY, including Colonel Henry Wadsworth of Maysville, forming a cavalry company and leading an advance up Johns Creek. They engage the enemy.
They run into the rebel cavalry near Piketon and exchange fire. In the face of artillery, the enemy is forced to retreat.
The regiment is ordered back because they could not transport their supply wagons beyond Prestonsburg.
On the return to Maysville, a raft is used to ferry provisions on the Big Sandy river and it gets caught in the swift current and sinks near Buffalo Shoals. They lost equipment but no loss of life.
The 16th KY infantry regiment, including Co. "C", is camped at the fair grounds in Maysville--designated Camp Lee after Captain James Lee of Company "K".
The 16th Kentucky is mustered into State service.
Henry Clay, a private in Co. "C" dies of typhoid pneumonia and is buried in Washington, Kentucky.
The 16th Kentucky infantry regiment is mustered into U.S. service.
C.A. Marshall is commissioned colonel, commanding the 16th KY.
1862 (3 February)
The 16th KY leave for Catlettsburg aboard the steamer "Boston".
Company "C" leaves Catlettsburg for Piketon and reach Louisa, aboard the steamer "Charlie Potwin." They leave Louisa but get recalled to Catlettsburg.
J.B. Harris is commissioned Lt. Colonel, J.W. Gault is commissioned Major.
The 16th Kentucky is ordered to Piketon. Company "C" goes via the steamer "Benjamin Franklin."
Camp duty and drill in Piketon.
Colonel Marshall of the 16th KY resigns. J.W. Craddock commissioned colonel and replaces him as commander of the regiment.
Company "C" relocates to Prestonsburg with Lt. Wallace in command.
Daniel Holleyfield a private in Co. "C", dies in Piketon and was buried by Co. "H."
Rudy leaves on detached duty for a mission to Columbus, Ohio. He stops in Maysville then proceeds via Cincinnati aboard the steamer Boston. He stops again in Maysville on the way back where rumors are rampant that "Morgan is coming."
The 16th KY is reassigned to Louisville. Rudy rejoins the regiment there.
o J.W. Gault commissioned Lt. Col.; J.P. Herbeson commissioned Major.
1862 (4 August)
The 16th moves to Bowling Green and they camp beside General Buckner’s "impregnable fortifications."
1862 (2 September)
They move to Shepherdsville, through Louisville, by train. They find that the bridge over the Salt river has been destroyed by rebel guerillas. Report received that Munfordville was surrendered to the rebels.
They move on to West Point, Kentucky. Rudy sees General Buell’s Army of the Cumberland passing through on their way to Louisville. They have been marching for two days and two nights and Rudy says "the troops look bad." Wolford’s cavalry also pass through on their way to Louisville with prisoners.
A brigade of General Granger’s passes through West Point, KY. on its way to meet General Buell’s wagon train coming from Elizabethtown.
The 16th Kentucky marches to a spot near Elizabethtown. Colonel Craddock pushes the pace and they cover a distance of 20 miles in a day.
They push on to Munfordville where they camp. It is very windy and dusty. The railroad bridge over the Green River is being reconstructed.
General Terrill’s brigade arrives. General Granger’s division pass through. Colonel Kinnett’s division of cavalry also pass through and they are nearly 4000 strong.
The railroad bridge reconstruction in Munfordville is completed.
Dumont’s division passes through
The 16th Kentucky leaves Munfordville, passes through Elizabethtown, and Hodgenville--rest in front of Abraham Lincoln’s birthplace--cross the Rolling Fork river, pass through New Haven with "colors flying" and arrive in Lebanon.
They camp near the depot and settle in for a possible prolonged stay.
1862 (5 December)
Rudy and two others escort 20 paroled prisoners to Louisville. Rudy stays overnight at the Broadway House. The city is under strict control and passes are needed to travel about.
Colonel Haskins of the 12th KY takes command of post relieving Colonel Craddock.
The citizens of Lebanon are alarmed by rumors that "Morgan" is coming.
A force consisting of the 16th and 12th KY infantry, 50th, 98th and 121st Ohio infantry, 80th Indiana infantry, and 6th and 9th KY cavalry go out to meet Morgan’s force which is supposed to be near Muldrows Hill -- situated on the Lebanon and Columbia turnpike about 8 ½ miles from Lebanon. The colonel of the 6th Kentucky cavalry is killed.
Morgan has gone. They chase him through Campbellsville, Kentucky and come in sight of him as he is leaving the Green River, burning the bridge behind him. The Union forces have to halt at the river. They resume the chase the next day through Columbia and, after hearing that Morgan had crossed the Cumberland River, return to Lebanon
Major Harbeson, after being absent without leave, resigns.
Two prisoners are taken. They are Robert Downing and John Coffee of Mason County who were guerillas in the service of John Morgan.
Private James H. Hampton of Company "C" dies of chronic diarrhea.
Some men taking "cornfield furlough" (i.e., deserting).
The regiment marches to Danville but then starts back to Lebanon.
1863 (6 March)
Marching back though ankle-deep and sometimes knee-deep mud, the troops arrive back in Lebanon, Kentucky.
Rudy and two others have dates and go to Springfield for dinner at a tavern. Rudy’s date was Miss Jennie Penn.
Captain Burns promoted to Major.
Reinforcements arrive consisting of the: 25th Michigan, 8th Michigan, 79th New York and 20th Kentucky.
The 16th, 12th and 20th Kentucky infantry and 25th Michigan are ordered to move to Danville. Rudy’s regiment camps at the college. The next day they proceed to Hall’s Gap about 18 miles from Danville.
A report is received that the rebels had crossed the Cumberland River so the troops return to Lebanon. On the return they find a Union force there of about 10,000-- composed of the 2nd, 8th, 17th, 20th and 25th Michigan regiments; the 79th New York; the 12th, 16th and 20th Kentucky infantry; and the 9th, 11th and 12th Kentucky cavalry.
The 25th Michigan leaves for Louisville
The 18th and 22nd Michigan regiments arrive.
There is trouble in town with soldiers drinking and "cutting up."
Rudy attends tableaux and a ball at "Shucks Hall."
The 2nd, 8th, 17th and 20th Michigan and 79th New York leave for the Green River.
1863 (7 May)
The month starts quietly and Rudy performs camp duties. He continues to date Miss Penn.
Dispatch received that Richmond has been taken by Union forces.
Toward the end of the month the troops leave Lebanon for Glasgow, Kentucky. They take the "Old Nashville Road" and pass through Pinchum, Possum Kingdom, and Butler. They wade the Barren River which is two and three feet deep.
The 23rd Michigan and 111th Ohio regiments arrive in Glasgow from Bowling Green.
Word is received that Col. Craddock has died.
The 16th KY march to Columbia with Colonel Gault and camp 3/4 mile from town on the Liberty Road. They capture one rebel.
Captain Sam White is elected major.
The 9th, 11th, and 12th KY cavalry; the 13th and 16th KY infantry; and the 80th Indiana go out on "grand review" before Major Gen. Hartsoff.
Brig. Gen. Hobson holds inspection.
J.W. Gault promoted to colonel; T.E. Burns to Lt. Colonel.
Rudy is very busy making out reports and posting the company books.
Gen. Hobson’s brigade (Rudy’s) composed of the 9th and 12th KY cavalry, the 13th and 16th KY infantry, the 80th Indiana infantry, and a 24th Indiana battery, begin marching to Glasgow in the rain.
1863 (8 July)
The 9th Kentucky fight the enemy near the little village of Marrow Bone and successfully repulses them with a loss of some killed and wounded. The 16th KY infantry back them up but do not fire a shot.
Shackefford’s 3rd brigade arrives as reinforcement.
Rudy and troops chasing the enemy, leave for Columbia, Kentucky--passing through Edmonton in Metcalfe County; crossing Russell Creek at Greensburg, and, then, passing through Possum Kingdom and Butler.
They reach Munfordville where the 16th KY is ordered to stay (the rest of the brigade is ordered to Glasgow). Gen. Manson’s brigade which was in Munfordville is ordered to Louisville. The 13th KY leaves for Cave City.
Rudy works on the payroll and clothing accounts.
Word received that Morgan and his force has been captured.
At end of month Rudy and the troops depart for Lebanon.
The 16th Kentucky arrive in Lebanon, Kentucky.
At mid-month they begin a march to Tennessee. Colonel Gault is in command of the 1st brigade. Col. Moore of the 25th Michigan is commanding the Division. They reach Columbia, Kentucky on the 20th.
Rudy’s brigade is the 1st brigade. It is composed of the 80th Indiana, 25th Michigan, 118th Ohio, the 16th Kentucky and Elgian’s battery. The 2nd brigade is composed of 111th Ohio, 107th Illinois, 23rd Michigan, 13th Kentucky and Henshaw’s battery. These two brigades constitute the 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Army of the Ohio.
Brig. General White arrives and assumes command of the Division, throwing Colonel Moore back to brigade commander.
The Union force crosses the Cumberland River at Grider’s Ferry in (1863) 9 Creelsboro; pass through Albany in Clinton County; climb Cumberland Mountain hauling wagons and cannon and reach Jamestown, Tennessee where they camp. The force numbers about 20,000.
Moving on to Montgomery, they fall in with Major Gen. Burnside. He has 48 regiments here and on the road. This Army Corps has 114 pieces of artillery.
They reach a small German settlement called Watsburg (Wartburg?), Tennessee. Rudy sees Brig. Gen. Haskins and Major Gen. Hartsoff.
They draw five days rations to pack in haversacks as they leave the wagon train behind. They get only one box of hardtack (crackers) for three companies-- about one cracker for each man--no coffee and but very little meat.
The Division crosses the Big Emery and Clinch rivers, passes in review in Kingston, Tennessee, take the Knoxville road and, then, is redirected to the Loudon bridge which has been burned by the rebels. The rebel force is estimated at between 25,000 and 30,000.
Loudon, Tennessee is in a state of demoralization with stores all taken and houses closed. Rations are scarce and the troops are subsisting on green corn and what few potatoes they can buy. Rebel soldiers come in every day and give themselves up.
An official dispatch is received stating that Burnside had taken Cumberland Gap capturing 2000 prisoners and six pieces of artillery. They also hear that General Bragg had surrendered to Rosecrans and Grant.
Rudy’s division moves on to Knoxville and Strawberry Plains, then returns to Loudon and then on to Sweetwater and back to Loudon. They put up a line of defense one mile west of Loudon and await the enemy who are reported to be coming in force with Byrd and Wolford falling back before them. The enemy force consists of Pegram’s, Forrest’s and Wheeler’s commands. However, the enemy does not come.
1863 (10 October)
The 16th Kentucky settles in at Loudon and starts building cabins for the winter.
Reports received of fighting above Knoxville with part of the Confederate Army from Virginia coming down the valley. Report also received that Richmond had been taken.
Rudy draws a pair of shoes--the first he has had on since September 7. Others have been barefoot too.
Wolford’s brigade of cavalry, now stationed in Philadelphia, Tenn., is surrounded and has to fight their way out with a loss of men, equipment and regimental and brigade books. Rudy blames Brig. Gen. White for this because he was forewarned of the enemy approach and did not take proper steps to prevent it. Rudy describes White as "a perfect old imbecile" He says White comes in for " a sight of cursing."
The Union force skirmish with the enemy. They try to go out under a flag of truce to retrieve their dead but the rebels would not accept it.
The 1st Division, 9th Army Corps under General Ferrerrs arrive as reinforcement, as does Byrd’s brigade of cavalry and the 11th and 27th Kentucky mounted infantry. General Burnside is on the scene.
The pontoon bridge is dismantled. Fighting continues around the camp.
The Union and Confederate troops face each other across the river at Loudon and the enemy brings its artillery up to the riverbank.
The 1st brigade (Rudy) ordered to Kingston, Roane county, Tennessee. It is very cold and snowy. The pace is fast and it takes only 10 hours to cover the same distance that it took 2 ½ days to cover last September. Rudy says that the effect of the march on the general health of the 1st brigade will far overbalance the good obtained by the rapidity of the move. He says "it is self evident that more men die by having their energies and system overtaxed than are killed in battle."
1863 (11 November)
It continues to be very cold. Corporal John F. Bendel of Company "C" has his stripes cut-off for appropriating for his own use a quilt belonging to a citizen.
Fighting continues around both north and south banks of the Clinch river in Kingston. Reports of fighting also between Loudon and Lenoirs Station. Rudy’s regiment is completely cut-off from Burnside and they have nothing to eat or drink except fresh pork, corn meal and water.
On the 24th, the enemy, about 7000 strong, under General Wheeler attack. They are repulsed after 7 hours with severe loss on both sides. The Federal force that was actually engaged numbered about 800 and consisted of the 2nd Tennessee cavalry; the 1st platoon of company D, 16th Kentucky; part of the 1st Tennessee cavalry; two companies of the 25th Michigan; and companies E, G, and I of the 16th Kentucky. Colonel Samuel R. Moth, commander of the 1st brigade, 2nd Division, 23rd Army Corps, issues a special order commending the troops for their gallant conduct.
A dispatch is received saying that Bragg had been whipped with a loss of 4000 prisoners and 40 pieces of artillery and was still being pursued. A report is also received that Burnside had cut to pieces one division of the enemy and killed 1000. Twenty-one rebels come in as deserters.
Report received that Grant had taken 8000 prisoners and 40 pieces of artillery.
Rudy and troops depart Kingston for a return to Loudon and are joined part way by Brig. Gen. Spears’ brigade. Rudy describes Gen Spears as "a very rough featured looking man as well as very common." The troops return to their old log cabin camp on the north side of the Holston river.
Rudy arrives in Knoxville, Tennessee to report for duty as Division ordinance sergeant. He sees Fort Sanders.
Rudy says "The siege of Knoxville was tolerably heavy lasting 18 days at the expiration of which time Longstreet was forced to beat a retreat with great loss. On the retreat of our force from Loudon and Lenoir Station the 2nd brigade, 2nd division, 23 A.G. had to destroy every single thing they had except what was on their backs. All the mules was turned over to the different batteries to facilitate their retrograde movement."
Major General Burnside is relieved by Major General Foster.
Rudy sees Major General Granger and describes him as a "rather small man and appears to be about 45 or 50 years of age." He also sees Brig. General Sturgis, commander-in-chief of all the cavalry and says the "he looks like he weighs nearly 200 pounds and is very fair complected." He also sees Major General Foster and reports that "he is a tolerable large man; grey headed and wears a grey moustache."
Rudy again visits Knoxville and sleeps at the Lamar House, which is used as a hospital. Rudy says there is a great many cases of small pox in town. He also spends a night at the Bell House, which is also a hospital.
Many of the 16th Kentucky "through the course of excitement, big bounties, and thirty days furlough are re-enlisting as veteran soldiers." Rudy observes that they are: "Mistaken souls that dream of heaven."
Brig. General M.D. Manson relieves Brig General White (as Division commander). Rudy describes this as a "Christmas gift."
The 1st Brigade and the rest of the Division move to Strawberry Plains. The 1st Brigade crosses the Holston and engages the enemy at Mossy Creek. Headquarters’ moves across river too and pitch tents. Rudy notes that "Gen. White always took possession of some homes for his quarters but Gen. Manson pitches tents."
It is very cold with snow and ice on the Holston river.
Rudy reports "Gen. Grant came up here and returned on the cars--fired one round for him."
1864 (13 January)
Rudy is busy with Division headquarters’ duties--ordering ammunition for 1st Brigade and making quarterly returns.
The 16th Kentucky soldiers who re-enlisted are ordered to Frankfort to be furloughed. Those in the regiment who did not re-enlist are ordered to report to Brig. Gen Manson to be assigned to other Kentucky regiments. This means the 13th Kentucky since it is the only Kentucky regiment in Manson’s Division.
Those who did not re-enlist leave for Dandridge, Tennessee to be assigned to the 13th as ordered. Rudy (who did not re-enlist) bids his friends in the 16th goodbye but remains with the headquarters unit that moves to Mossy Creek.
There is heavy fighting at Dandridge and the Union force begins to fall back. Rudy’s headquarters unit goes back to Strawberry Plains. The force continues to fall back in the direction of Knoxville. They set fire to the bridge as they evacuate. The rebels pursue them to near Knoxville and then fall back.
Rudy see Brig. General Cox, commander of the 23rd Army Corps. He also sees Major General Park, commander of the 9th Army Corps.
Orders are received for all horses and mules to be sent to Kentucky for wintering with the following exceptions--Acting Brigadiers, Brigadiers and Major Generals are entitled to a horse. The troops are to go into winter quarters.
Brig. General H.M. Judah relieves Brig. General Manson (as Division commander). Rudy says that General Judah is very unpopular with the Division and never would have had a command in this Department if Maj. Gen. Burnside had remained in command."
Rudy almost gets captured when the rebels charge the nearby 23rd Michigan. He was "making a deposit" when in their charge the rebels rode within a few yards of him.
Col. Wm. E. Hobson of the 13th Kentucky arrives back from Kentucky where he has been on a leave of absence.
1864 (14 January)
Rudy visits an old schoolmate, Henry Pelham, who fought for the South and was captured and put in the Confederate Military Prison.
Rudy sees Brig. Gen. Judah and says "He looks about as mean as I think he is."
The "squall" is over and the troops are coming back to their encampments.
The 13th Kentucky is transferred to the 1st Brigade and the 118th Ohio to the 2nd Brigade. Col Hobson assumes command of the 1st Brigade throwing Col. Samuel R. Mott back to command of the 118th.
Rudy requisitions 130,000 rounds of Enfield rifle cartridges, 58 caliber--100 rounds for each enlisted man in the Division.
General Schofield arrives to take command of the Department. General Stoneman arrives to take command of the 23rd Army Corps, although his appointment to Major General is not yet confirmed.
Rudy’s headquarters’ office is moved from its location across from the Bell House in Knoxville to a vacant room in the Lamar House.
The 1st East Tennessee Brigade is attached to the Division.
The first "Yankee Steamboat", the Chattanooga, arrives laden with commissary and quartermaster supplies.
The 4th Army Corps arrives from Maryville. Col Mott of the 118th Ohio resigns in the face of a court martial.
All the troops move out in pursuit of Longstreet, he having crossed the Holston at Strawberry Plains. A rebel officer, formerly Post Adjutant of Knoxville, who came in and gave himself up, reports that Longstreet lost nearly a hundred men in crossing the river, that his communications had been cut off somewhere near Bristol and that he burnt and destroyed all baggage and transportation except what was really necessary to take his command out of Tennessee.
1864 (15 March)
Rudy starts out for Strawberry Plains in charge of 10 ambulances for the Division. March o Rudy is in the Strawberry Plains and Mossy Creek vicinity where he begins performing Division quartermaster duties.
Rudy sees Maj. Gen. Park, commander of the 9th Army Corps and Brig. General Ferrerrs, commander of a Division in the 9th Army Corps.
The 9th, 23rd, and 4th Army Corps move and reach Morristown. The 9th than leaves for Annapolis Maryland; the 23rd in a retrograde move go back to Mossy Creek.
A report is received that Colonel Wolford has been dismissed from the service.
News is received that the 16th Kentucky is in Chattanooga and on its way to this location.
General Judah is very sick.
The 3rd Division departs in the direction of Morristown and say they are ordered to Bull’s Gap. The East Tennessee Brigade leaves for Strawberry Plains.
Brig. Gen. Haskell is assigned to command the 1st Brigade. The 3rd and 6th East Tennessee infantry are assigned to the 1st brigade--making 5 regiments in that Brigade.
Railroad trains resume crossing the rebuilt bridge over the Holston river.
News is received that the 16th Kentucky has been assigned to Brig. Gen. Hobson’s command, which is now in Eastern Kentucky.
Rudy sees Brig. Gen Ammon, commander of the 4th Division. (1864) 16 o Rudy’s Division travels to Knoxville, then on through Loudon, Sweetwater, and Calhoun. May
The 1st Division of the 23rd Army Corps is in Calhoun, Tennessee and is commanded by Maj. Gen. Hovey. Rudy camps on the north bank of the Hiawassee river.
Troops move south through Cleveland Tennessee and "Red Clay" (on the State line) toward Tunnel Hill Georgia.
Construction trains are re-laying railroad track torn up some time ago by General Sherman.
The 16th Kentucky arrives and reports to the 3rd Division.
The 4th Army Corps fight at Tunnel Hill and take "Buzzards Roost" and "Rocky Face."
The 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps moves to the front and their commander, Brig. Gen. Manson, leads them in a charge that succeeds in taking the enemy front line.
Fighting is intense with the enemy "pouring shell, grape, and canister into our ranks." Rudy mourns the loss of some of his most intimate friends.
Major General Hooker, 20th Army Corps, makes a flanking move that cuts off rebel communications. The close position of Union sharpshooters make it impossible for the enemy to use their artillery.
Rudy sees General Sherman and describes him as "a very common looking man--slender form and light whiskers."
The enemy masses on the 20th Army Corps and cut their way out. Johnston leaves about 2000 dead and wounded and they are piled two and three deep in front of Hooker’s works. The 2nd and 3rd Divisions of the 23rd Army Corps pursue him.
1864 (17 April)
Rudy sees Major General Sickles and says "He has only one leg but is a very fine looking man." He also sees General Joe Hooker and says "He makes the finest appearance--more soldier like than any man I ever saw. The color of his face though represents that of a habitual drunkard."
Brig. Gen. Judah (Division commander) is relieved by Brig. Gen. Haskell. The cause of his being relieved is supposed to have grown out of the "Resacca" fight where his division made a desperate charge without the support of his artillery and his loss was great. Rudy comments: "but he had positive orders from Maj. Gen. Schofield who gave them to him twice, distinctly, to make the charge without the artillery and the consequence was that they was repulsed with the greatest of ease and severe loss."
Rudy describes as "a disgrace" the robbing and pillaging being done by the troops of the 20th Army Corps--especially in Cassville, Georgia.
Rudy goes into camp near Cartersville, Georgia.
Wheeler attacks the 23rd Army Corps train between Cass Station and Kingston, Georgia and destroys over 100 wagons.
The 23rd Army Corps bridges the Etowah river and enter Palladen County to Pumpkin Vine Creek, fighting as they go.
Rudy witnesses the burial of 7 men of the 107th N.Y., 20th Army Corps, side by side with no shroud but their common clothes.
Rudy sees Major Gen. Howard, commander of the 4th Army Corps; and Major Gen. Palmer commanding the 14th Army Corps. Howard has one arm.
The "Grand Army" flanks Johnston by moving to Dallas in Paulding County, about 25 miles northwest of Atlanta, Georgia.
The enemy makes a desperate stand. Food is short. Skirmishing continues for six days at the end of the month.
1864 (18 June)
The 23rd Army Corps is relieved by the 17th Army Corps commanded by Maj. Gen. Blair. Skirmishing continues near the "Acworth" road. Johnston’s army falls back, probably as a result of the 20th Army Corps flanking them.
The 91st Indiana arrives and is assigned to Rudy’s division.
There is fighting near Lost Mountain. It rains continually and mud is a problem.
The Union force consists of the Army of the Tennessee on the left, the Army of the Cumberland in the center, and the Army of the Ohio on the right.
It is reported the Army of the Tennessee has inflicted a loss of 9,000 or 10,000 on the enemy and drove their right wing five miles. Union losses are said to be nearly 3,000.
A provision train for the 2nd Division arrives but the breadstuffs are nearly ruined by being rained on. Rations for the troops are short--although, Rudy says, the headquarters’ staff always get enough.
Rudy rides his horse to Alatoona via Acworth, Georgia. In Acworth he sees an old friend from Maysville--David Clark of the 33rd O.V.I.. Alatoona is the depot of supplies for the Army of the Ohio; the other two Departments receiving at Acworth. Rudy says: "Alatoona is a strong natural position and affords protection of what is termed the Alatoona passes." On his return trip, Rudy stops near Lost Mountain to call on some female acquaintances.
The diary stops at this point--the last entry being for June 18, 1864